WHAT IS cervical cancer?Endometrial cancer is the most common type of cancer of the uterus. It is called as well as cancerous cells develop abnormally in the lining of the endometrium. It is also known as cancer of the uterus or uterus.CANCER UNDERSTANDTo understand cancer, we must first know that this disease begins in human cells. Cells are the main unit of life. The cells are combined to form tissues. The fabrics are assembled to form bodies. Cancers are malignant tumors. Tumors are additional tissues. Tumors form when unnecessary cells in our bodies are formed. Indeed, the new cells (the basic unit of our life) are born according to the requirement of the body, and after the old matrix. But malignant or cancerous cells are still in formation and are tumors or tumors. Also they propagate abnormally fast. Tumors can also be non-cancerous or benign.MALIGNANT UTERUS CANCER can be fatalCervical cancer can spread (metastasize) to the surrounding blood vessels or nerves. And from a lymph node, cervical cancer can affect other lymph nodes. Even the bones, liver and lungs can be affected. Doctors give the recently separated tumor the same name as the mother tumor has its characteristics remain identical.CAUSES OF UTERO CANCERThere is still unanimity among medical experts on the exact causes of cervical or uterine cancer. However, there is an agreement between them that cervical cancer can spread from one person to another. In other words, cervical cancer is non-contagious. Mencionablemente, although cervical cancer usually occurs after menopause can however occur as menopause begins.TYPES OF UTERINE CANCERThere are different types of cancer of the uterus. You would be surprised to know that cervical cancer cells sometimes spread to the lungs. It is lung cancer, cervical cancer, but which have spread through metastasis. This “distant” disease is considered a cancer of the uterus. Another typical form of uterine cancer is uterine sarcoma. It develops in the myometrium (muscle). There is another cancer of the uterus that begins in the cervical region.
UTERUS CANCER SymptomsThe most common symptom of uterine cancer is abundant bleeding from the vagina. Many
have the misconception that these bleeding are the abnormal vaginal
symptoms of menopause and do not pay attention to it’s own. This is not good! This vaginal bleeding can only start as an aqueous stream has only a trickle of blood. But the blood slowly more and more flows with it.PRIMARY PRECAUTIONSImmediately consult a gynecologist when you see any or all of the following symptoms: pain in the pelvic area; Painful urination; Pain during sexual intercourse and / or abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge. Of course, these signs may be due to factors other than those related to cervical cancer. Therefore, expert advice without delay.RISK FACTORSThe confusing fact is that many women who have risk factors for cervical cancer do not develop this condition. On the other hand, there are many cases of women who present no risk factors for cancer of the uterus. However, risk factors do help in the early diagnosis of cervical cancer. Here is an overview of the risk factors that can worsen in uterine cancer.The age factor: First, cervical cancer has been found that occurs in women in the over 50 age group.Race: white women have the skin of uterine cancer rather than, say African-American women.Endometrial hyperplasia Secondly, many women after having gone through 40 suffer from endometrial hyperplasia. Although it is essentially benign (non-cancerous), however, it can sometimes develop into cancer. Endometrial hyperplasia is due to increased uterine cells. Signs
of endometrial hyperplasia are bleeding in the postmenopausal phase,
bleeding after successive periods and menstrual periods are cumbersome. Doctors generally recommend progesterone (hormone treatment) or a
hysterectomy (ablation of the uterus) to check for endometrial
hyperplasia degeneration in cancer.Colon Cancer. Women with colon or colorectal cancer who also inherits can develop cancer of the uterus. Colon cancer affects the colon in the large intestine and / or at the end parts of the rectum before the anus.TRH: Third, women undergoing HRT (hormone replacement therapy) are also at risk of contracting cancer of the uterus. HRT
controls the symptoms of menopause, preventing bone thinning
(osteoporosis) and also reduces the chances of stroke or heart disease.
The use of prolonged hormones: Prolonged use of female hormones estrogen-free progesterone can lead to cancer of the uterus. It is always advisable to combine the use of both, mainly because the progesterone acts as a potential uterus shield.Overexposure
to estrogen: women who enter early puberty or go through late menopause
or those who have not had children remain exposed to estrogen over a
long period of time. In addition, they are at high risk.The use of drugs with estrogen: One of these drugs commonly used is tamoxifen. It is prescribed as a preventive measure against breast cancer. But prolonged use of estrogen can lead to overexposure to estrogen.Obesity: The main reason why obese women develop cervical cancer that their slimmer sisters is simple. Our body makes a certain percentage of the estrogen in adipose tissue.Diabetes BP: Since obesity is also related to diabetes, women with diabetes may also have cancer of the uterus. Similar is the case of women who have blood pressure (AP).UTERUS DIAGNOSIS OF CANCERIdeal for the diagnosis of cervical cancer can be one or a combination of the following tests. They are biopsy, transvaginal ultrasound, Pap test and pelvic exam.In the biopsy of a biopsy, a tissue sample from the lining of the uterus is removed. This is a simple process and is done in the clinic of the doctor himself. However,
in complex situations, the patient may have to undertake the D & C
process. This D & C operation (dilation and curettage) is a one-day
question. The tissue is examined by a doctor to determine the likely presence of various cancer states such as hyperplasia and cells. In post-biopsy, the patient may experience cramps and also have vaginal bleeding for some time.To the knowledge of the patient: The patient needs to clarify certain positions with your doctor before going to the biopsy. These are (i) the type of biopsy that may have to perform and the reason (s) why you should go to the test; (Ii) the approximate time it would take for biopsy; (Iii) you would have to be anesthetized? (Iv) is it a painful biopsy? V) Risks and sequelae of biopsy; (Vi) And if a cancer is detected, what steps it should take and who would get the consultations.Transvaginal
ultrasound: In this test, high frequency sound waves are directed to
the uterus by means of an instrument inserted into the vagina. Sound echo patterns form an image. And the doctor may have a clear idea of the current state of examining this chart. However, transvaginal ultrasound becomes impossible if the endometrium is too thick. Then the patient may have to do a biopsy.Pap: In the Pap test, cells are collected from the upper part of the vagina and the cervix. Pathologic examination of the cells is performed to determine whether abnormal cancer cells or others. The problem with the Pap test is not identified abnormal cells in the uterus. Therefore, doctors routinely collected by biopsy cells. However, the Pap test can easily detect cervical cancer cells.Pelvic examination: A pelvic examination examines the rectum, bladder, uterus and vagina. The
presence of bumps or changes in their size and shape are clear
indications of the likely presence of abnormal growths or cancer cells. The doctor checks the cervix and the vagina through an instrument. This instrument, known under the speculum, is first inserted into the vagina.