This is one of the procedures used by women as birth control measures. Other than being a birth control measure, it may also find use in controlling several chronic medical conditions. Other reasons why women use the procedure is because it is one way of treating some chronic diseases. This includes treatment of cancer.
According to statistics, this procedure is done to very many people worldwide. In the United States alone, it is the second most commonly performed procedure. Doctors consider it to be safe and it presents a very low risk to the patient. However, not all women may find this process to be the best option. It should only be performed on someone who does not wish to have women again in the future.
If one still intends to bear kids, there are several other alternative methods that can be used. The level of technological advancements in the field of medicine makes it possible to use other methods instead of hysterectomy. For instance, fibroids can be treated using other surgical procedures that do not affect the uterus.
There are several types of hysterectomy that exist in the present day. Partial, laparoscopic, abdominal, full, and vaginal versions are the major types of hysterectomy. Partial variety is done by eliminating just a portion of the uterus. The cervix may be left without being interfered during partial hysterectomy. Alternatively, full version includes removal of the entire uterus together with the cervix. There are situations when all the versions are needed.
The abdominal version may involve removing part of or the whole uterus. The only difference if that the process involves cutting through the abdomen. This process is done horizontally or vertically according to the condition. In this version, there is little scaring since the incision normally heals faster and fully.
When doing the virginal type, it is normally done in the same way as in the abdominal type. It is only the position of incision that is not the same. That is, instead of cutting through the abdomen, the cut is usually made via the vagina. The cut is made very small thus not leaving any scar. It is because there is no scar left behind in this procedure that more women prefer this version of the procedure.
In the laparoscopic variety, an instrument called a laparoscope is used. A laparoscope is a small tube that contains a camera and a high-intensity light at the front. This instrument is used to look at the uterus before it is cut into four small pieces, which are then removed one piece at a time. Instead of a single incision, this process involves four incisions made by the doctor.